Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory


Our Tissue Tulture Services

Perfecting your growing technique for a particular species?  increase the number of plants you have to work with.

Propagate a desirable clone to share.

Have seeds germinated under sterile conditions to reduce the risk of germination
failure from environmental
contamination.

Terrace Flower Pots

Try our terrific alternative to a hanging basket. These 1.6 gallon plastic pots are 10" in diameter at the top, 7 1/4" tall, and the terrace is 14 1/2" tall.  Even the smaller species of Nepenthes will grow well in these pots since the media is more stable than in a smaller container.

Custom LED Light Source

We engineered a very small and portable LED light source that uses 4 diodes specifically chosen to target light receptors in insects.  Designed to be powered by any USB 5V battery source, operate this light at night to attract food for your plants.

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

About our laboratory...

Welcome to Ferocious Foliage.  We are a custom tissue culture laboratory specializing in all genera of carnivorous plants.

WE DO NOT SELL OUR TISSUE CULTURES, ONLY THOSE WE ESTABLISH SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU!  

Plant tissue culture involves a fair degree of 
art and luck in addition to sound science to 
be 100% successful, especially when 
working with plants never attempted before
or for which there is no precedent.  Every 
effort will be made to insure you get the very
best treatment.

MORE

MORE

MORE

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

We originally encountered these flower pots when a local box store was selling tomato plants in them. After much sleuthing, we located a distributor in Canada that helped us to import these flower pots from China in order to replace our hanging baskets.  We've had great success with them and have slowly begun to switch over all our plants to terrace pots.  Because of their size, the media does not dry out quickly yet adequate drainage holes prevent water accumulation in the pot.  Even small species adapt well to these pots due to the media remaining more uniformly moist between waterings.  By training the plants to grow upward, we can space them more closely together on our benches.

   These pots are 10" in diameter, 7 1/4" tall and have a 1.6 gallon capacity.  Terraces are 14 1/2" tall. 

                      We are selling these pots for $5.00 each plus shipping and handling.

Because of the size of the box, these pots must be sent via U.S. Priority Mail or by UPS.  Unless you order a large number, Priority Mail is the most economical method of shipping.

Unfortunately, we do not accept Pay Pal when ordering these pots.  The cost of shipping can almost match the cost of the pots, and since Pay Pal charges based on the total transaction cost, it is not cost effective to accept anything except check or money order.

If you would like to order, please email us with the quantity desired and a shipping address.  We will box up your order, get the exact shipping cost to your address, and then send you an invoice.  Upon receipt of payment, we will ship your order.  Please note: if you wish to use UPS you must provide a residential address, not a P. O. Box.

                                                            info@ferociousfoliage.com

Byblis - the rainbow plant

The genus Byblis is believed to contain approximately 8 species.  While propagation in tissue culture is quite easy, the acclimation of tissue cultured plants to your growing area can be quite challenging.  Germination of seed may require special treatment.

Pelto, MC and JT Lindstrom. 2003. In vitro propagation of Byblis filifolia (Byblidaceae).                   Carnivorous Plant Newsletter. 32:74-77.

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

Aldrovanda - the waterwheel plant

Following thorough washing under running water for an hour, terminal growths of Aldrovanda were surface sterilized in 10% Clorox and placed directly into modified Gamborg B5 media without rinsing.  New growth began 6-8 weeks later from the tips.

In our lab, we surface sterilize with 95% EtOH with great success.

Adamec, L and K Pasek. 2000. Medium optimization for growing Aldrovanda vesiculosa in               vitro.  Carnivorous Plant Newsletter. 29:122-124.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Cephalotus - the Albany or Western Australian Pitcher Plant

A single species, Cephalotus follicularis, represents this genus.  It is typically found in peaty swamps and has been reported to tolerate salt spray when found close to the ocean!  Plants can be readily propagated from seed but explants are a bit trickier due to the presence of coarse hairs, making surface sterilization challenging.

Adams II, RM, SS Koenigsberg and RW Langhans. 1979. In vitro propagation of Cephalotus             follicularis (Australian Pitcher Plant). HortScience. 14:512-513.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Sarraceniaceae (Darlingtonia, Heliamphora, Sarracenia) - the American Pitcher Plants

Three genera make up the family Sarraceniaceae: the monotypic Darlingtonia californica or Cobra Lily of the U.S. Pacific northwest, the table-top mountain dwelling South American genus Heliamphora, and the primarily U.S. eastern seaboard species in the genus Sarracenia.  Many of these species have been propagated in vitro for years with few publications regarding technique. All three genera are easily propagated from fresh seed, essential for Heliamphora.  Darlingtonia and Sarracenia seed require cold stratification to break seed dormancy, a process that adds approximately 4 weeks to the culture process.  In addition to culture from seed, rhizome and meristem culture techniques have been developed, and our lab continues to develop propagation protocols from leaves and flower stalks.

Uhnak KS.  2003.  Micropropagation of carnivorous plants. PhD dissertation, University of               Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, 217 p.

Northcutt C, et. al. 2012.  Germination in vitro, micropropagation, and cryogenic storage for               three rare pitcher plants: Sarracenia oreophila (Kearney) Wherry (Federally Endangered),           S.leucophylla Raf., and S. purpurea spp. venosa (Raf.) Wherry. HortScience. 47:74-80.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME


PLANT
SALES

SERVICES

PRICES

CONTACT

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

SERVICES

All the photographs of tissue cultures present on these pages are of plants we placed in vitro with material (seeds or explants) we obtained or that were provided by our customers.  

WE DO NOT SELL OUR TISSUE CULTURES.  TISSUE CULTURES ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE CUSTOMERS THAT PAID FOR US TO ESTABLISH THEIR PLANTS IN VITRO.

We sell laboratory services.  Our goal is to provide you with the best scientific techniques available in order to place your plant or plants of interest into sterile tissue culture and clone them.  

Our process for the propagation of seeds or plant materials is as follows:

          1.  We will select the appropriate media based upon the genera and species of plant submitted.  Check out our links on the home page.

          2.  The seed or plant material will be surface sterilized and placed into culture.  Surface sterilization is based upon the plant material as well as the actual type of culture to be performed (e.g. meristem culture, seed, explant, etc.).

          3.  Cultures are monitored for germination/growth as well as contamination in our light and temperature controlled facility.  Duplicate cultures are maintained to insure against potential losses due to contamination.  We utilize antibiotics and antifungal agents in our media as warranted.

          4.  Seedlings and clones are further selected for multiplication and grow out.  The customer can elect to have us grow mixed clones or select clones.  

          5.  The customer is contacted to arrange shipment once we produce 25 plants or a previously agreed upon quantity.  Shipping charges are in addition to establishment and multiplication charges.

Special Service:  In addition to the standard services outlined above, we offer the following options:

INDUCED POLYPLOIDY - treatment with 20-50mg/L of colchicine or 20-40mg/L of oryzalin which can cause plant material to double the number of chromosomes.  In horticultural plants such as orchids, this often leads to an increased flower size.  While there can be no guarantee of the effects of these chemicals on carnivorous plants, it is conceivable we could produce clones with exaggerated foliar characteristics. 

GIBBERELLIC ACID - obtained from fungal cultures, gibberellic acid acts as a plant growth regulator and can help to stimulate seed germination in recalcitrant species.  Gibberellic acid also promotes stem elongation.

SMOKE WATER - our lab uses Super Smoke Plus Cape seed primer developed by Dr. Neville Brown and avaialble from Fijnbosch Farme Trust in Cape Town, South Africa.  Certain seed benefit from pre-treatment with smoke water to break dormancy.

CUSTOM ROOTING - our greenhouse has a dedicated propagation area for the rooting of Nepenthes cuttings.  This area maintains bottom heat of 80°F (27°C) and a misting cycle of 15 seconds every 7 minutes.  Our substrate is a coarse laterite-like material that is well draining yet retains moisture and promotes germination.  We treat all cuttings with hormones to induce the fastest formation of adventitious roots with generally good success.  You supply fresh material or feel free to inquire about rooting from our stock plants - we have a large number of Nepenthes species and hybrids from which to choose.


A typical rooted cutting.

A section of the propagation area.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

PRICES

FOR ALL TISSUE CULTURE PROCESSES, THERE IS A $25 INITIAL FEE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF A MINIMUM OF THREE (3) TUBES OR FLASKS.  PRICES ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN IN EFFECT WITHOUT CHANGE THROUGH 2018.  THERE IS NO GUARANTEE OF SUCCESS, YOU ARE PAYING FOR MATERIALS AND OUR EXPERTISE IN THE LAB.  THERE WILL BE AN ADDITIONAL CHARGE TO SHIP PLANTS BACK TO YOU ONCE THEY HAVE BEEN PROPAGATED (please read below).  DO NOT SEND ANY PAYMENT UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN ISSUED AN INVOICE BY THE LABORATORY THAT SPECIFIES THE SERVICES YOU ARE REQUESTING.

Reflasking is $18 for three (3) tubes or flasks (unless due to contamination whereupon the laboratory assumes the financial responsibility for this service while we attempt to obtain a clean culture). You will be asked to approve reflasking due to space limitations in the container from rapidly multiplying plants, selection of specific clones, or depletion of nutrients in the media which occurs approximately every 3 months.  We will follow your specific instructions.

Plants propagated in tissue culture will be considered ready for shipment when they have multiplied to between 25-30 individuals.  Please be patient - depending upon the instructions you have provided or what you requested from the laboratory, this can takes months to well over a year for slow growing species.  Various options are available for shipment: you may elect to have the plants shipped in media, removed from media and shipped in sterile containers (the safest method), or plants can be hardened off in the greenhouse and shipped in moistened paper towels or spaghnum moss.  Losses can and do occur during hardening off.  Plants shipped in media will incur higher shipping costs due to weight and cost of the tissue culture vessels.

Induced Polyploidy - there is a charge of $1 per plant that survives the treatment.  Most do, so you will need to indicate how many you wish to treat.

Gibberellic Acid and Smoke Water treatment are $5 each.

Rooting of Nepenthes cuttings - Minimum charge is $25 and is based upon the use of a standard flat.  Multiple species or hybrids can be propagated in one flat to save on the overall cost if limited material is provided.  Each additional flat used is $25.

Shipping and Handling:  Due to high U.S. postal rates with unpredictable increases, we reserve the right to increase prices at any time.  Currently we are charging a flat rate of $15 for most orders.  Shipment is typically via U.S. Priority Mail.

A NOTE ABOUT PAYMENT:  WE ONLY ACCEPT CHECK OR MONEY ORDER.  Because credit card and Pay Pal payments are based upon the total transaction cost, it is not feasible for us to accept payment by other than check or money order.




info@FerociousFoliage.com

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

PLANT SALES

We frequently have plants available for purchase, particularly rooted cuttings of Nepenthes.  If you have a particular species or hybrid in mind, please contact us for availability.  We will also strike cuttings for you upon request.

A tray of rooted cuttings potted up and grown on.A typical rooted cutting ready for potting.

Prices for rooted cuttings vary, but most of the more common species and hybrids sell for $10-15, not including shipping.  The lateral buds from cuttings taken midway along the stem may have only just begun to elongate so the picture above is meant to illustrate the degree of root development - the plants may still require further nurturing on your part for guaranteed success.

In addition to Nepenthes cuttings, we occassionally have
Aldrovanda, Byblis, Cephalotus, Darlingtonia, Dionaea, Drosophyllum, Genlisea, Heliamphora, Nepenthes, Pinguicula, Roridula, Sarracenia and Utricularia from our tissue cultures.  We do not maintain a list so email us with the species desired and we will check inventory for availability.  Plants purchased directlu out of tissue culture are SMALL and are very sensitive to desiccation, therefore only an advanced grower should purchase and attempt to grow them. 

                                                                                                                                                 info@FerociousFoliage.com

Dionaea - the Venus Flytrap

This is likely the most popular of all carnivorous plants.  Sadly, its popularity has led to theft of the plants from wild populations, precipitating a proposal to list it as an endangered species.  It is readily propagated by seed and by leaf or "bulb" sections.  Our lab has had some success with propagation from flower stalks.  

Hutchinson JF. 1984. In vitro propagation of Dionaea muscipula Ellis (Venus fly trap). Scientia        Horticulturae. 22:189-194.

Jang G, K Kim and R Park. 2003. Micropropagation of Venus fly trap by shoot culture. Plant            Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 72:95-98.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Drosera - the Sundews

Approximately 194 species occupy temperate and tropical regions of the world.  Readily propagated by seed, clonal expansion is easy and fairly quick.  In vitro culture from leaves or roots can be challenging due to the delicate nature of the leaves of some species, in regards to surface sterilization.

Crouch IJ and J van Staden. 1988. In vitro propagation of Drosera natalensis. Suid-Afrikaanse          Tydskrif vir Plantkunde. 54:94-95.

Janssens J. 1986. In vitro propagation of sundew, Drosera regia Stephens. Mededelingen                     Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent. 51:61-66.

Kawiak A, A Krolicka and E Lojkowska. 2003. Direct regeneration of Drosera from leaf                     explants and shoot tips. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 75:175-178.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Drosophyllum - the Dewy Pine or Portuguese Sundew

One species of Dewy Pine is known, Drosophyllum lusitanicum, from Morocco, Portugal and Spain.  Successful propagation from seed often requires treatment by scarification or exposure to gibberelic acid.  Propagation in vitrois also possible from leaf tips.

Goncalves S and A Romano. 2005. Micropropagation of Drosophyllum lusitanicum (Dewy                pine), an endangered West Mediterranean endemic insectivorous plant. Biodiversity and              Conservation. 14:1071-1081.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Utricularia and Genlisea - the Bladderworts and Corkscrew Plants

Bladderworts and Corkscrew plants are both members of the family Lentibulariaceae. Bladderworts are more widespread, found throughout the tropical and temperate regions of the world.  The corkscrew plants are found in Africa, Madagascar and South America.  Both genera are readily propagated from seed or plant material in soft media.

Idei S and K Kondo.  1998. Effects of NO3- and BAP on organogenesis in tissue-cultured shoot         primordia induced from shoot apices of Utricularia praelonga St. Hil. Plant Cell Reports.             17:451-456.

Mohan Ram HY and S Dutta. 1966. In vitro culture of Utricularia. Current Science. 35:48-50.

Pringsheim EG and O Pringsheim. 1962. Axenic culture of Utricularia. American Journal of              Botany. 49:898-901.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Nepenthes - the Tropical Pitcher Plants

New species of Nepenthes are being described on a somewhat regular basis as more remote areas of their range in southeast Asia are explored.  Tissue culture is typically from seed, but it is also possible to propagate plants by meristem culture.  This challenging technique requires a fair amount of plant material because contamination rates are high.  Our lab uses either a liquid media on a rotator for small meristems (~2mm in size) or solid media for larger shoots as described below.

Jian-Miao , G Pei-Yuan and G Quan. 2003. Tissue culture and rapid propagation of Nepenthes           mirabilis. Plant Physiology Communications 39:40.

Rasco Jr., ET, MAD Maquilan. 2005. Initial studies on in vitro germination and early seedling            growth of Nepenthes truncata Macf. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter. 34:51-55.

Song-Jun Z, C Zhi-Lin and D Jun. 2003. Tissue culture and rapid propagation of Nepenthes x              hybridus cv. Dyeriana. Plant Physiology Communications. 39:479.

Tandon P and TS Rathore. 1994. Mass clonal multiplication of the threatened Indian                             insectivorous plant (Nepenthes khasiana Hook F.) through shoot bud culture. In: Advances           in Plant Tissue Culture in India: Proceedings of the XIII Plant Tissue Culture Conference,             October 18-20, 1989, pp 185-192.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Pinguicula - the Butterworts

The fleshy leaves of most species of butterwort can be damaged by sterilization agents, so seed is the preferable means of in vitro culture.  We have experimented with floating leaves in sterile water ind inducing plantlets on the leaf margins in order to produce propagules for tissue culture.

Adams II, RM, SS Koenigsberg and RW Langhans. 1979. In vitro propagation of the butterwort Pinguicula moranensis H.B.K. HortScience. 14:701-702.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Roridula - vlieebos in Afrikaans

Two species within this genus are found in South Africa.  Some consider this not to be a carnivorous plant as no digestive enzymes are produced.  Instead, the plants rely on a mutualistic relationship with the bug Pameridea roridulae, which feed on insects trapped on the resinous leaves and then defecate "digested insects" on the plants, providing nutrients for them.

Bodri MS and M Opel. 2008. In vitro propagation of Roridula gorgonias (Roridulaceae).                   Carnivorous Plant Newsletter. 37:86-88.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

4-Up LED Field Light Source

This is a portable LED UV light source perfect for field use.  The complete unit weights less than 100 grams.  The light is produced by four 3-watt LEDs that provide a range of wavelengths known to be attractive to insects.  The aluminum housing acts as a heat sink, dissipating heat produced by the diodes. Paired with a 5V battery of at least 20,000mAh capacity and a USB port, the LEDs can be powered for over 12 hours.

We reflow solder the Cree diodes in series onto a 20mm copper core printed circuit board ourselves and assemble the internal electronics to provide a constant current at 12V to power our lights.  Delivery can take 4-6 weeks depending upon diode selection.  Our standard diodes are based upon the scientific literature.  

The tobacco hornworm moth (Manduca sexta) eye contains three different kinds of rhodopsia photoreceptors with peak spectral sensitivities in the UV (P357), blue (P450), and green (P520) region of the spectrunm (at ~370 to 390nm, ~450 to 470nm, and ~530-550nm respectively).  Lepidoptera and coleoptera tend to prefer wavelengths of 360-380 nm (UV), 430-460nm (purple), 480-520nm (blue), and 580-620nm (yellow).

You can custom order a light manufactured to your specifications by referring to the diode selection sheet on this page.  We also sell a 50,000mAh power bank that can be recharged by connecting it to a USB port with the supplied adapter cord.

LED FIELD LIGHT SOURCE: $75
BATTERY: $20

                                                                 info@FerociousFoliage.com

White RH, H Xu, TA Munch, RR Bennett, and EA Grable.  2003.  The retina of Manduca sexta: rhodopsin             expression, the mosaic of green-, blue- and UV-sensitive photoreceptors, and regional specialization.             J Exp Biol. 206(Pt 19):3337-3348.

Li C-X, ML Smith, A Fulcher, PE Kaufman, T-Y Zhao, and R-D Xue.  2015.  Field evaluation of three new           mosquito light traps against two standard light traps to collect mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and                 non-target insects in northeast Florida.  Florida Entomol. 98(1):114-117.

Ferocious Foliage
Custom Tissue Culture Laboratory

HOME

SERVICES

PRICES

PLANT
SALES

CONTACT

                                                                                  CONTACT US

Mailing address:          Ferocious Foliage
                                       P. O. Box 458
                                       Dahlonega, Georgia  30533

E-mail:                          info@FerociousFoliage.com



Please contact us prior to sending any plant material.  We will respond to any inquiry with an invoice for services and instructions on shipping.  When sending plant material, please take care in packing your items.  Seed and small plants are easily crushed by automatic sorting equipment.  Use padded mailers or shipping boxes.  Priority Mail envelopes and boxes work great and delivery generally only takes a few days.  Plan your shipment to the lab to be on a Monday or Tuesday to insure delivery by Friday.  We can not be responsible for damage to your plant material(s) by the U.S. Mail for improperly packed shipments.